An Analysis of Recent Education Reforms
And The Resulting Impact of Student Privacy
By Jenni WhiteWith contributions from: Lynn Habluetzel, Danna Foreman, Julia Seay and Jo Joyce
Since the first Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) was brought to bear on the Americanpublic by Lyndon B. Johnson in 1965, federal control of education has become more the rule than theexception. Throughout subsequent years, each President has taken the ESEA (White), molded it,renamed it and allowed an essentially unconstitutional federal agency (the Department of Education) tocollect money from the states and return it through educational grants that further the educationphilosophy of that administration.
Bill Clinton’s reauthorization of the ESEA, Goals 2000
(Schlafly), contained a concept called AdequateYearly Progress
(EdWeek) that created a report card for schools in order to make student progressaccessible to the public at large. President Bush (using data from what was termed the “Texas Miracle” – later found to be unsound
(Leung)) upped the ante on federal control of public education through hisversion of the ESEA – the No Child Left Behind Act(NCLB
(Department of Education)). This legislationadded a component to hold schools accountable to the federal government for making Adequate yearly Progress (AYP)
(Education Week) wherein states with schools not meeting AYP had Title 1 funding eitherwithheld or diverted into funding programs to rehabilitate student progress until AYP was attained
Immediately upon assuming the Presidency, Barrack Obama, through Secretary of Education, ArneDuncan, began affording states a large number of opportunities through which to obtain publiceducation grants (funded by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act
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